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Supreme Court Rules

Section/Rule:51.045
Subject: Rule 51 - Rules of Civil Procedure - Rules Governing Civil Procedure in the Circuit Courts - Venue Including Change of Venue and Change of Judge Publication / Adopted Date:May 26, 2000
Topic:Transfer of Venue When Venue ImproperRevised / Effective Date:January 1, 2012


51.045. Transfer of Venue When Venue Improper

(a) Any motion to transfer venue alleging improper venue shall be filed within 60 days of service on the party seeking transfer. For good cause shown, the court may extend the time to file a motion to transfer venue or allow the party to amend it. Any motion to transfer venue shall:

(2) State the basis for venue in each such county.

If a motion to transfer venue is not timely filed, the issue of improper venue is waived.

If a timely motion to transfer venue is filed, the venue issue is not waived by any other action in the case.

(b) Within 30 days after the filing of a motion to transfer for improper venue, an opposing party may file a reply. For good cause shown, the court may extend the time to file the reply or allow the party to amend it.

The reply shall set forth the basis for venue in the forum or state reasons why venue is not proper in one or more counties specified by the movant. The court shall not consider any basis not stated in the reply, nor shall the court consider allegations relating to fictitious defendants. If a reply is filed, the court may allow discovery on the issue of venue and shall determine the issue.

(c) If no reply is filed, the court shall order transfer to one of the counties specified in the motion. If a reply is filed but the issue is determined in favor of the movant, the court shall order a transfer of venue to a court where venue is proper. When a transfer of venue is ordered, the entire civil action shall be transferred unless a separate trial has been ordered. If a separate trial is ordered, only that part of the civil action in which the movant is involved shall be transferred.

(d) A request for transfer of venue under this Rule 51.045 shall not deprive a party of the right to a change of venue under Rule 51.03 if the civil action is transferred to a county having 75,000 or fewer inhabitants. A party seeking a change of venue under Rule 51.03, after transfer of venue pursuant to this Rule 51.045, shall make application therefor within the later of:

(Adopted May 26, 2000, effective January 1, 2001. Amended June 21, 2002, effective January 1, 2003. Amended November 25, 2003, effective July 1, 2004. Amended June 21, 2005, effective January 1, 2006. Amended June 28, 2011, effective January 1, 2012.)