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Subject: Rule 57 - Rules of Civil Procedure - Rules Governing Civil Procedure in the Circuit Courts - Interrogatories and Depositions Publication / Adopted Date:March 29, 1974
Topic:Subpoena for Taking DepositionRevised / Effective Date:January 1, 2012

57.09. Subpoena for Taking Deposition

(a) For Attendance of Witnesses; Form; Issuance. Every subpoena for a deposition shall:

(b) For Production of Documents and Things. In conjunction with a deposition properly noticed under Rule 57.03, a subpoena may also command the person to whom it is directed to produce the books, papers, documents, or tangible things designated therein.

The court may:

(c) Subpoena to a Non-Party. A subpoena to a non-party pursuant to Rule 57.09 for the production of documents and things shall be served not fewer than 10 days before the time specified for compliance. The party serving a subpoena on a non-party shall provide a copy of the subpoena to every party as if it were a pleading. A party objecting to the subpoena may seek a protective order under Rule 56.01(c).

A party or attorney responsible for the issuance and service of a subpoena shall take reasonable steps to avoid imposing undue burden or expense on a non-party subject to the subpoena.

With the agreement of all parties, the non-party may be excused from appearance at the deposition and may produce the subpoenaed items to the party responsible for issuance and service of the subpoena, who shall then offer to all other parties the opportunity to inspect or copy the subpoenaed items. The party responsible for issuance and service of the subpoena is responsible for obtaining the agreement of all parties and advising the non-party in writing of the agreement, with a copy to all attorneys of record and self-represented parties. Absent such an agreement, the subpoenaed items shall only be produced at the deposition.

Upon request by any party, the non-party shall also produce with the subpoenaed items a business records affidavit of the custodian of records.

A non-party commanded to produce and permit inspection and copying may serve the party who issued and served the subpoena with a written objection to inspection and copying of any or all of the designated items. The objection shall state specific reasons why the subpoena should be quashed or modified.

The objection shall be served on all parties to the action within 10 days after service of the subpoena or before the time specified for compliance, whichever is earlier.

If a timely and specific objection is made, the party who issued and served the subpoena shall not be entitled to inspect or copy the subpoenaed items except pursuant to an order of the court.

Upon notice to the non-party commanded to produce, the party who issued and served the subpoena may move at any time for an order to compel production.

(d) Service. A subpoena may be served by:

Service of a subpoena upon a person named therein shall be made by delivering a copy thereof to such person and by tendering to that person the fees and mileage the witness would have been entitled to receive for attending court pursuant to subpoena.

(e) Authorization to Issue Subpoena. Proof of service of a notice to take a deposition as provided in Rules 57.03 and 57.04 is sufficient to authorize the issuance of a subpoena for taking a deposition.

(f) Contempt. Any person who without adequate excuse fails to obey a subpoena served upon the person may be held in contempt of the court in which the civil action is pending.

(Adopted March 29, 1974, effective January 1, 1975. Amended September 28, 1993, effective January 1, 1994. Amended June 25, 2001, effective January 1, 2002. Amended June 21, 2005, effective January 1, 2006. Amended June 28, 2011, effective January 1, 2012.)