The Circuit Court orders a bond investigation for all defendants at the Boone County Jail who cannot afford to post the set bond. A thorough criminal history check is made and the defendant is interviewed as to employment history, ties to the community and other factors. Information can also be obtained from third parties. ACS' report presents the facts and recommends a course of action based on the subject's suitability for release from custody. Recommendations regarding bond can include no reduction, posting a percentage of the bond, reduction of bond, home detention or release on own recognizance.
Defendants released from custody pursuant to a bond investigation are usually subject to ACS supervision until sentence is entered in the case. Defendants report at least once a week to ACS and provide updated information regarding employment, telephone number, address, activities, attorney and next court date. Conditions may be applied to a defendant's release such as no contact with alleged victims or codefendants, attending Alcoholics or Narcotics Anonymous or prohibition on visiting certain places. Defendants who do not report as directed or who are found to be in violation of their bond conditions are reported by ACS to the court and are subject to revocation from the program.
Community Service Work (CSW) recompenses the community for the harm caused it by every criminal offense. ACS supervises two types of CSW -- (1) CSW entered in cases as a condition of ACS-supervised probation; and (2) CSW allowed by the court in lieu of paying a fine. CSW may only be performed at a qualified not-for-profit agency. Not-for-profit means the agency holds a currently effective IRS § 501(c)(3) income tax exemption letter or Missouri sales tax exemption letter. CSW assigned on State Probation & Parole supervised cases is supervised by State P&P; and on unsupervised probation cases is supervised by the Prosecuting Attorney's office.
Adult Court Services supervises defendants whose sentence requires they pay restitution or a fine in addition to court costs and who cannot pay the full amount ordered on sentencing day. ACS negotiates a payment plan with each defendant and recommends it for court approval. Once approved by the court ACS monitors payments, recommends extension requests for defendants who genuinely try to meet their financial obligations, sends out overdue notices to defendants who become tardy as to one or more payments and submits warrant requests to the court if corrective action is not taken by the defendant.
Furlough for a specified length of time may be ordered by a judge for defendants who are in custody (whether Boone County Jail, home detention or Reality House) and who face a medical or other emergent issue involving themselves or close family members. The defendant submits a written request to the court to be approved for a furlough of a stated length, Court Services writes a report which presents the facts of the matter and makes a recommendation and the court then rules on the request. The assigned judge determines whether furlough days will count toward completion of the sentence.
Home detention provides closer supervision than most other alternatives to incarceration. ACS staff prepare a report with the defendant's criminal history and significant facts and make a recommendation to the court. Public safety and program integrity are reflected in the screening, selection and supervision of program participants. Each program participant is electronically monitored 24 hours a day and follows a strict pre set schedule. The electronic hardware reports when the defendant leaves and returns home and whether conditions (no alcohol; prohibited places) are being followed.
The judicial parole program permits early release from custody of defendants who have served a portion of their sentence and who are considered to not be a danger to the community or to themselves. Each day on judicial parole counts as a jail day served in determining a defendant's sentence completion date. To be eligible for judicial parole consideration, an inmate must satisfy all four of the following requirements: (1) Boone County resident; (2) serving a sentence of at least 120 days; (3) not be sentenced to a crime for which Missouri statutes prohibit parole; and (4) no outstanding warrants nor any other pending cases for which defendant is incarcerated.
The Adult Court Services probation program began and grew in response to successive state law changes removing certain misdemeanors from State P&P supervision. Probation, if granted, is granted at sentencing in lieu of serving any of the jail sentence. Unlike parole, revocation of probation (even in the final days of probation) leaves the full jail term to be served.
Serious alcohol related traffic offenders are ordered by the court to attend the Victim Impact Panel as a condition of probation. During this program panelists share their experiences with serious traffic accidents in a non judgmental way. While most drivers realize that serious traffic accidents impact victims, their families and those who care about them, this program gives names and faces to victims and increases awareness of how events impact real people.
Boone County Jail inmates serving commit (sentence) time can petition the court to be given credit toward their sentences for work performed or classes attended during incarceration. ACS provides the court a report and recommendation on each application. This program provides experience and training which can translate into jobs after jail release. Inmates receive a one day reduction in sentence for each eight hours of approved work performed or of participation in approved educational programs.
Boone County Jail inmates serving commit (sentence) time can petition the court to participate in the work search/work release program. ACS provides the court a report and recommendation on each application. This program provides commit inmates the opportunity to obtain or maintain employment while serving their sentence. If the court approves participation, the inmate is released from the jail to Reality House to search for employment. If the inmate finds employment or already is employed, s/he is confined at Reality House except during approved work hours. Each day spent on work release (but not work search) counts as a day of the sentence served.